Poetry Styles

To see the (more) complete list, with a further seventy-four types of poetry, click here.

[found on poetryfoundation.org]

Acrostic

A poem in which the first letter of each line spells out a word, name, or phrase when read vertically. See Lewis Carroll’s “A Boat beneath a Sunny Sky.”

Alexandrine

In English, a 12-syllable iambic line adapted from French heroic verse. The last line of each stanza in Thomas Hardy’s “The Convergence of the Twain” and Percy Bysshe Shelley’s “To a Skylark” is an alexandrine.

Anagram

A word spelled out by rearranging the letters of another word; for example, “The teacher gapes at the mounds of exam pages lying before her.”

Aubade

A love poem or song welcoming or lamenting the arrival of the dawn. The form originated in medieval France. See John Donne’s “The Sun Rising” and Louise Bogan’s “Leave-Taking.” Browse more aubade poems.”

[found on http://www.poetryfoundation.org/learning/glossary-terms?category=forms-and-types]

Poetry Tools

Even writers of novels will run across the need to write a poem. Take J.K. Rowling for instance—how many poems and lyrics lace the pages of her hit series Harry Potter?

Here are some quick links to help poets on their journey:
  • RHYMES: Perhaps, you need to find a rhyme that has three syllables, and rhymes on the last two? Even if you just need a quick rhyme for a simple word—this tool is what you need: RhymeZone.
  • THESAURUS: Have you been searching for a different word, it’s on the tip of your tongue, but you just…can’t…reach it? An online thesaurus is what you need: Thesaurus.
  • DICTIONARY: Do you suddenly wonder if that word means what you think it means? Inconceivable! Use an all-encompassing online dictionary: MoreWords.
  • ACROSTIC: Poe used poetry that was mathematic, and shaped. He used acrostic form to a new level. The typical definition is “a series of lines or verses in which the first, last, or other particular letters when taken in order spell out a word, phrase, etc.” Poe used this form to hide the names of his mistresses within his art.
    • Here is a dictionary to find certain letters within the words you need (i.e. you need a seven letter word, and the fourth letter has to be an R): Acrostic Dictionary.
    • Crossword Cheats can be used in reverse to build an intense acrostic: Crossword Reverse

Acrostic Poem-ability

[found on jpicforum.info]
  • Basic Acrostic Poem Structure
    • First letter of each line is a letter from the Poem Title.

Elizabeth by Edgar Allan Poe (1829)

Elizabeth it is in vain you say
Love not” — thou sayest it in so sweet a way:
In vain those words from thee or L.E.L.
Zantippe’s talents had enforced so well:
Ah! if that language from thy heart arise,
Breathe it less gently forth — and veil thine eyes.
Endymion, recollect, when Luna tried
To cure his love — was cured of all beside —
His folly — pride — and passion — for he died.”
-found on http://poetry.about.com/od/poems/l/blpoeacrostic.htm
 
  • Leveled or Poe Method Acrostic Poem Structure
    • Poem Title is written stair-step throughout the poem
    • First letter of first line; second letter of second line; third letter of third line….

Hidden Acrostic

I am flying, way up high, in the powder blue sky.
Maybe I will find myself among the puffy clouds.
Arms are well outstretched, and moving, fluttering, soaring.
So many Beautiful Birds flying along with me.
It is dark and silent here, not a sound can be heard.
One Bird stays close, as if leading me, I am not afraid.
With me every mile, does he think I am on of his?
I belong among them, flying high, so quietly.
With only my arms well outstretched, for I have no wings.
I open my eyes, It is quite misty, and still now.
And, I can hear, no more Birds are near, no sky to fly.
 
[found on http://jpicforum.info/threads/this-is-a-hidden-acrostic-no-title.4268]