[found on livingapex.com; by Josh Rueff]
“Less is not less but more, more is not more but is less – unless less becomes less by becoming more. That being said, this is the formula for a sonnet:
The Shakespearean Sonnet
3 Quatrains + a Couplet = Sonnet.
A quatrain is a set of 4 lines.
A couplet is a set of 2 lines.
It’s almost that simple. The sonnet is composed of nothing more, however, there are two more rules to follow while composing the sonnet:
Iambic Pentameter and
Sonnet rhyming pattern.
Each line of the sonnet contains 5 sets of “iambs”.
One unstressed syllable, one stressed syllable.
Don’t get hung up on strange words – an iamb is simple – it sounds like this: baBOOM.
And looks like this: the CLOCK, or com PARE.
Iambic Pentameter is 5 sets of iambs.
Iambic Pentameter looks and sounds like this: baBOOM / baBOOM / baBOOM / baBOOM / baBOOM.
Example: When I / do COUNT / the CLOCK / that TELLS / the TIME
Sonnet rhyming pattern
Shall I compare thee to a Summer’s day? A
Thou art more lovely and more temperate: B
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, A
And Summer’s lease hath all too short a date: B
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, C
And oft’ is his gold complexion dimm’d; D
And every fair from fair sometime declines, C
By chance or nature’s changing course untrimm’d: D
But thy eternal Summer shall not fade E
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; F
Nor shall Death brag thou wanderest in his shade, E
When in eternal lines to time thou growest: F
So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, G
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. G
So a sonnet consists of 3 quatrains and a couplet, following the sonnet rhyming pattern and iambic pentameter.”